How many Hispanics in the United States are immigrants? In 2015, there were 25.9 million Limited English Proficient (LEP) individuals ages 5 and older, representing 9 percent of the 301.6 million U. The next two languages most commonly spoken by LEP individuals were Chinese (including Mandarin and Cantonese, 1.8 million, or 7 percent) and Vietnamese (867,000, or 3 percent).: The term "Limited English Proficient" refers to persons ages 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire.
Threaded throughout the history of the United States, immigration has taken on greater prominence in political and policy conversations amid debate over possible reforms to the immigration system, border and national security, and the U. role in resettling refugees at a time of record global displacement. residents are either immigrants or children of immigrants?
Questions about the current and historical pace of immigration, the role of immigrants in the labor market, illegal immigration, humanitarian admission policies, and enforcement practices are often raised. The article draws on resources from the Migration Policy Institute (MPI); the U. Census Bureau's 2015 American Community Survey (ACS), 2016 Current Population Survey (CPS), and 2000 decennial census; the U. Departments of Homeland Security (DHS) and State; and Mexico's National Population Council (CONAPO) and National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI). immigrant population stood at more than 43.3 million, or 13.5 percent, of the total U. population of 321.4 million in 2015, according to American Community Survey (ACS) data. Immigrant Population and Share over Time, 1850-Present tool in MPI’s Data Hub to see fluctuations over time.
S.-born population: The median age of immigrants was 43.9 years, compared to 36 years for the native born. How many immigrants have entered the United States since 2010? What is the racial composition of the immigrant population? Of the 56.6 million people in 2015 who self-identified as Hispanic or Latino, 35 percent (19.5 million) were immigrants. In 2015, approximately 79 percent (236.9 million) of the 301.6 million people ages ages 5 and older in the U. Spanish was by far the most common language (62 percent), followed by Chinese (including Mandarin and Cantonese, 5 percent), Tagalog (almost 3 percent), Vietnamese (2 percent), French (including Cajun and Patois, 2 percent), Arabic (2 percent), and Korean (2 percent), and German, Russian, and French Creole (about 1 percent each).
In 2015, fewer than 1 percent of immigrants were under age 5 (compared to 7 percent for the native born), approximately 5 percent were ages 5 to 17 (compared to 19 percent), 80 percent were ages 18 to 64 (compared to 60 percent), and 15 percent were ages 65 and older (the same as the U. Sixteen percent of the 43.3 million immigrants in the United States in 2015 entered since 2010, 28 percent between 20, and the majority (57 percent) before 2000 (due to rounding, these do not add to 100). Forty-seven percent of immigrants in 2015 reported their race as White, 27 percent as Asian, 9 percent as Black, and 15 percent as some other race; roughly 2 percent reported having two or more races. In 2015, 45 percent of immigrants (19.5 million people) reported having Hispanic or Latino origins. Which languages are most frequently spoken at home in U. What is the size of the Limited English Proficient population? Spanish speakers accounted for 64 percent (16.4 million) of the LEP population.
As a result, the foreign-born share steadily declined between the 1930s and 1970s, reaching a record low of approximately 5 percent in 1970 (9.6 million; see Table 1). immigrants more than quadrupled, rising from 9.6 million then to 43.3 million in 2015.