Between 18 the city was the capital of the Kingdom of Saxony (which was a part of the German Empire from 1871).
During the Napoleonic Wars the French emperor made it a base of operations, winning there the famous Battle of Dresden on 27 August 1813.
Notable examples include the Dresden Porcelain Collection, the Collection of Prints, Drawings and Photographs, the Grünes Gewölbe and the Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon.
In 1729, by decree of King Augustus II the first Polish Military Academy was founded in Dresden. Dresden suffered heavy destruction in the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), following its capture by Prussian forces, its subsequent re-capture, and a failed Prussian siege in 1760.
His reign marked the beginning of Dresden's emergence as a leading European city for technology and art.