American Center for Law and Justice, "Protecting Marriage," Depth.aspx? "Same Sex Partners in Connecticut" (Backgrounder) (Oct.5,2002), v. A legal status identical or substantially similar to that of marriage for unmarried individuals shall not be valid or recognized. 24-C-04-005390 (Baltimore MD Circuit Ct., Jan.20,2006), opinion available at Dep't of Health until completion of the constitutional amendment process), on GLAD website at
ID=59 American Civil Liberties Union, "Lesbian & Gay Rights; Same-Sex Relationships," Gay Rights/Lesbian Gay Rightslist.cfm? "Casebook on Sexual Orientation and the Law," by Prof. State of Connecticut, Department of Public Health, Complaint, Aug.25, 2004, on website of Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders at Civil Union Act, Public Act No. No official or court of the state of Louisiana shall recognize any marriage contracted in any other jurisdiction which is not the union of one man and one woman. Struck down state statute against same-sex marriage.
The Legislature complied with that decision by enacting a civil union act in December 2006.
The journal articles included in this bibliography are from 1997 forward.
The movement to open civil marriage to same-sex couples achieved its first temporary success in 1993 with the decision of the Hawaii Supreme Court that the restriction of marriage to opposite-sex couples would be presumed unconstitutional unless the state could demonstrate that it furthered a compelling state interest.