One of the world's greatest and tallest cultural treasures was decimated with artillery and explosives.
After the destruction of the Buddhas, 50 caves were revealed.
When Xuanzang saw the figures, they were also decorated with gold and fine jewels.
The two Buddha figures, together with numerous ancient man-made caves in the cliffs north of the town, made Bamiyan a major regime had the statues destroyed, despite worldwide pleas to save them.
Bamyan Afghanistan is also known for its natural beauty.